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Bismarck Palm Tree

Bismarck palm trees in the landscape. Cold hardy palm tree bismarck palm. Rare palm trees

The Bismarck Palm Tree, scientific name Bismarckia nobilis, is one of the most sought-after palms in Florida.  The Bismarck Palm is native to the island of Madagascar near the east coast of Africa. All things considered, it is a newer palm to most Florida landscapes. This gorgeous palm is truly huge and stunning and will be sure to give that dramatic effect to any landscape. The Bismarckia is very wide, so it is great for shade or to provide privacy. This palm can handle chilly temperatures down to 15F and can be had in several states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon, and Texas.

Bismarck Palm Tree Info

Scientific name: Bismarckia nobilis

Common names: The Bismarck Palm is also known as Bismark Palm, Bismarckia Palm, Nobilis Palm.

Family: It belongs to the Arecaceae family.

Origin: The Bismarck Palm is native to the island of Madagascar which is off the east coast of Africa.

Appearance: The Bismarck Palm has a single smooth trunk topped with 20-25 wide fronds forming a spherical crown.

Younger Bismark Palms have a grey trunk covered with old leaf bases which gets smoother as it matures. The Bismark Palm has palmate waxy leaves supported by thick stems. Stems are 8-10ft long, 10 inches in diameter, and covered with small sharp teeth. The widespread beautiful silver-green leaves can reach 10ft across.

Flowers/Fruits: During late spring Bismark Palm produces small fragrant flowers. The Bismarck Palm is dioecious, male and female flowers are on different plants. Cream flowers grow in clusters on 3ft long stalks which get bent downwards by the fruit weight. Beautiful flowers are followed by not-eatable blue fruits. Fruits are oblong and 1/2 – 1 inch in diameter.

Growth Rate: Domestic Bismarck Palm can grow up to 30-40ft tall and 20ft wide, but in the wild, it can reach 70ft. It is a fast-growing palm that can grow from 3ft to 15 ft tall in 5 years.

Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both.

Cold Tolerance: The Bismarck Palm is very cold-hardy and can tolerate cold down to 15F  when mature enough. Great for zones 8b (15 to 20 F) – 11 (above 40 F).

Light Req: Partial shade to Full sun. Adapts to many kinds of soil and likes full sun. If you don’t have a sunny spot, don’t worry it will tolerate some shade.

Water Req: Moderate.

Maintenance: Low. It’s a great tree for gardeners who want low-maintenance palm trees. Apply good quality palm fertilizer that has a continuous release formula twice a year during the growing season.

Insects and Diseases: Rare

Propagation: Propagated by seeds.

Top 10 Benefits Of The Bismarck Palm Tree


  1. Aesthetic Appeal: The Bismarck palm (Bismarckia nobilis) adds a stunning visual element to any landscape with its striking silver-blue foliage.

  2. Shade Provider: Its broad, thick leaves provide ample shade, making it an excellent choice for sunny climates.

  3. Low Maintenance: This palm is relatively easy to care for, requiring minimal pruning and watering once established.

  4. Drought Tolerance: The Bismarck palm can withstand periods of low water availability, a valuable trait in arid regions.

  5. Cold Tolerance: Unlike many tropical palm species, the Bismarck can tolerate cooler temperatures, expanding its suitability to a wider range of climates.

  6. Pest Resistance: It's resistant to most common pests, reducing the need for chemical treatments.

  7. Fast Growing: With optimal conditions, the Bismarck palm grows fairly quickly, reaching a mature height in a shorter time than many other palm species.

  8. Wind Resistance: The sturdy trunk and firm leaves of the Bismarck palm make it resistant to strong winds, an added advantage in storm-prone areas.

  9. Long Lifespan: With proper care, this species can live for several decades, making it a long-term addition to any landscape.

  10. Eco-Friendly: Like all trees, the Bismarck palm plays a role in carbon sequestration, helping to mitigate climate change by absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere.

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