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Canary Island Date Palm Tree

Canary island date palm tree in the landscape. date palm tre that produces dates

The Canary Date Palm Tree, scientific name Phoenix canariensis, is easily recognized through its crown of leaves and trunk characteristics.  This is a large palm that can tolerate cold down to 15F making it perfect for growing in zone 8b. It is very easy to grow but does require some maintenance in order to keep its nice appearance.

Canary Date Palm Tree Info

Scientific name: Phoenix canariensis

Common names: It is also known as Canary Island Date Palm, Canary Palm, Pineapple Palm, and Canary Island Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to Canary Islands and North Africa.

AppearanceIt has a gray-brown stout trunk covered with old leaf bases in unique diamond shapes. The trunk is topped with a big crown of 45-50 large dark green leaves with 80-100 leaflets in two rows. Arching pinnate, or feather-like, fronds can get up to 18ft long. The lower half of the stem are covered with 2-3 inch sharp spines. Be careful while pruning.

Flowers/Fruits: The Canary Date Palm produces small creamy flowers held by branched stalks. The Canary Date Palm is dioecious, male and females grow on the same inflorescence. Female flowers are followed by orange-brown to dark purple round fruits, ½ inch in diameter. Fruits are fleshy, date-like, grow in clusters. They are edible but not tasty.

Growth Rate: Phoenix canariensis is a massive palm tree that can grow up to 50-60 ft tall and 15-20 ft wide.

Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both. The Canary Island Date Palm Tree can also grow in a pot.

Cold Tolerance: It is cold hardy to about 15-20F. It can also tolerate drought when mature enough. Great for growing in USDA Zones 8b (15 to 20 F) to 11 (above 40 F).

Light Req: Partial shade to full sun. The Canary Date Palm grows well in full sun but can survive partial shade.

Water Req: Moderate. Likes moist but well-drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy. It is not a self-cleaning palm, so you need to cut off dead leaves to maintain its beautiful appearance otherwise you will end with decomposing leaves hanging from below the palm’s canopy. When pruned correctly, the bottom of the crown has a so-called nut that looks like a pineapple, hence the name Pineapple Palm.

To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during the growing season.

Insects and Diseases: Generally healthy palm.

Propagation: Propagated by seed.

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