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Spindle Palm Tree

Spindle Palm Tree in the wild landscape

Spindle Palm Tree, scientific name Hyophorbe verschaffeltii or Hyophorbe verschafeltii, is an elegant-looking palm that is perfect for a small landscape. It is well-known for its unique spindle-shaped trunk and beautiful v-shaped feathery leaves. The Spindle Palm has a lot of similar characteristics with the Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis).  The Spindle Palm tree is also perfect for indoors. This palm tree will make a great addition to any home office or landscape.

Spindle Palm Tree Info

Scientific name: Hyophorbe verschaffeltii or Hyophorbe verschafeltii

Common names: It is also known as Palmiste Marron Palm.

Family: Arecaceae

Origin: It is native to the exotic Mascarene Islands off the coast of Australia.

Appearance: The Spindle Palm Tree has a unique shape trunk, that is swollen in the center forming a spindle shape, hence the name Spindle Palm. The trunk is gray, smooth, prominently ringed with the scars of shed fronds, about 1.5 ft in diameter.

The Spindle Palm’s crown consists of another swollen area in the base of its crownshaft. The crownshaft is bright green, waxy, topped with a crown of 6-11 arching fronds which turn outward and down at the end, forming a ‘V’ shape. Leaves are pinnate, or feather-like, about 9-10ft long, with 100-150 leaflets that are bright green on the top and gray on the bottom.

Flowers/Fruits: The Spindle Palm produces fragrant creamy flowers that are supported by 2-3ft long inflorescence that emerge at the point where the crownshaft meets the trunk. The Spindle Palm Tree is monoecious, male and female flowers are born on the same plant. Flowers are followed by orange oval fruit, around 1 inch long.


Growth Rate: Slow. Hyophorbe verschaffeltii is a slow-growing palm that can get up to 10 – 20 ft tall and up to 5 – 10 ft wide.

Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both.

Cold Tolerance: It can tolerate cold down to 30F for a short period of time when mature enough. It is great for growing in USDA Zones 10a (30 to 35 F) to 11 (above 40 F).

Light Req: It prefers full sun but can also grow in a light shade.

Water Req: Like most palms, it grows best in moist well-drained soil.

Maintenance: Easy. To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during the growing season.

Propagation: Propagated by seeds that take around 4-6 month to germinate.

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